Crop Bio-fortification: Objectives, Processes, Benefits and Limitations

Food fortification or enrichment is the umbrella term which means the addition of nutrients to food in order to increase its nutritional value. This is practised in order to fortify foods with rich nutrients so as to fight nutrient deficiency among people.   Types of Food Fortification  There are two types or methods of fortification, … Read moreCrop Bio-fortification: Objectives, Processes, Benefits and Limitations

KENAF (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) Family: Malvaceae

Kenaf is an important bast fibre crop. It is however grown largely in small backyard gardens in most parts of Nigeria especially in the north. India is the major producer. Origin It originated from the tropical and subtropical Africa where it is commonly wild plant. It has now been taken to most tropical and subtropical … Read moreKENAF (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) Family: Malvaceae

CUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.)

Origin Cucumber probably originated in northern India and was introduced to the Mediterranean. It is now widespread throughout the world. Ecology Cucumbers are well adapted to warm climates but will grow well at lower temperatures than melons. The optimum range of day-night temperatures is 21-28°C. Water requirement is high but a very humidity encourages the … Read moreCUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.)

OKRA (Abelmoshus esculentus (L.) Moench).

Okra is a common vegetable crop grown in many part of the tropics for its mucilaginous fruits. It is a dicotyledonous annual herbaceous plant that’s  widely grown in all ecological zones of Nigeria but is not of much economic importance compared with tomatoes. Origin The okra plant originated in central Africa but is now cultivated … Read moreOKRA (Abelmoshus esculentus (L.) Moench).

COCOYAMS (Colocasia esculenta (L.), Schott (Taro) (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.), Schott (Tannia)

The term cocoyams is used to refer collectively to members of the genus Colocasia and the genus Xanthosoma which are grown for food in many parts of Africa, especially the wetter parts. They are grown in small plots, often inter cropped with food food or cash crops. They are volunteer crops in many places and … Read moreCOCOYAMS (Colocasia esculenta (L.), Schott (Taro) (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.), Schott (Tannia)

YAMS (Dioscorea spp.) Family: Dioscoreaceae

Yams are grown throughout the wetter parts of the tropics. They are climbing monocotyledonous plants with opposite or alternate leaves and they produce large storage tubers. Yams are obtained from several species of the genus Dioscorea, a very large genus with about 600 tropical or subtropical species of which only a few are grown for … Read moreYAMS (Dioscorea spp.) Family: Dioscoreaceae

MILLET (Pennisetum typhoides Burn .f.)

There are many species of millet but the most important is Pennisetum typhoides which is known as Bulrush or Pearl millet. Among cereals, it is the crop of the driest region. It is very drought resistant and gives reasonable yields in infertile sandy soils, which would be unsuitable for other important cereal. The total production of … Read moreMILLET (Pennisetum typhoides Burn .f.)

Rice Diseases and How to Prevent/Control it for Higher Yield Advantage

Blast Blast is caused by the fungus, Piricularia Oryzae. It is one of the most common and serious diseases of rice. It can attack the plant at all stages. if the plants are attacked in the early stages, the grains do not fill. High relative humidity (more than 90%) and high nitrogen application favor its … Read moreRice Diseases and How to Prevent/Control it for Higher Yield Advantage