How to Make Broiler Starter and Finisher Feed


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Broiler chickens are reared for meat consumption, and they consume a lot of feed.

Feeding is the most important factor in the management of broiler chickens.

Both broiler starter and finisher feed formulation must be rich in quality ingredients as it affects their weight and meat quality.

In fact, the largest proportion of the money spent on raising broilers is due to the feed costs.

 

Broiler Feeding Regimen

The following feeding regimen is recommended when raising broilers.

  • Broiler chicks (0 -5 weeks) = Broiler starter feed should be offered
  • Broiler chickens (6-9 weeks) = Broiler finisher feeds
  • Broiler chickens (10 weeks onwards) = Broiler finisher feed
  • Pullets (6 -20 weeks) = Growers mash
  • Pullets (up to 5% egg production) = Growers mash
  • PulletsĀ  = Layers mash

This is just a guideline on what to feed broiler chickens from a day old to maturity.

Now to broiler feed formulation, let’s assume you want to raise 100 broiler chickens for five months.

 

Feed intake and body weight

AGE IN WEEK

BROILER CHICKEN

B. Weight Feed intake

Both in gram

PULLETS

B. Weight Feed intake

Both in gram

40 0

35 0

1

125 110

54 50

2

300 245

75 70

3

510 365

115 120

4

780 495

150 135

5

1100 600

200 180

6

1450 790

250 190

7

1810 864

300 250

8

2150 1030

340 270

9

2500 1170

380 300

10

435 320

11

600 360

12

650 400

13

730 450

14

845 490

15

920 510

16

1025 520

17

1125 530

18

1220 570

19

1280 600

20

1345 650

21

1400 680

22

1470 700

TOTAL

5669

8345

Analysis of the Above Table

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The figure on the table above will be used to determine how much feed will be required by a certain number of birds for a period.

A. 100 broiler chicks up to 4 weeks

Feed consumed (110+245+365+495)*100=121500g = 121.5kg bags of feeds

= 121.5/25=4.86 bags

B. 100 pulletsĀ“ chickens up to 4 weeks

Feed consumed = 50+70+120+135*100=37500g=37.5g of feed consumed

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A bag of feed measure in 25 kg.

Therefore, to know the numbers of bags that will be needed to feed the chicks = 37.5/25 = 1.5bags

Note: Feed is always sold in 25kg bags.

 

How to make Broiler Feed

There are different formulas that can be used to formulate feeds for broilers.

The most popular ration formulas are below

  1. Pearson’s square method,
  2. Algebraic method,
  3. Trial and errors method

Example of Pearson’s square method

To make the 27 percent crude protein catfish food, we mix 17/35.8 of rice bran with 18.8/35.8 soybean meal.

  • Rice bran 17/35.8 = 47.5%
  • Soybean meal 18.8/35.8 = 52.5%

So to make 100kg of this broiler feed, we must mix 47.5kg of rice bran with 52.5kg of soybean meal.

 

Example 1.

Broiler formulated starter feed for one tonne.

The broiler starter feed ingredients are carbohydrates, protein, minerals, and vitamins as listed under the Item column.

Broilers starter (Hybrid)

S/N

ITEMS

QTY (Kg)

1

Maize

400.00

2

Maize Offal

130.00

3

GNC

200.00

4

Soya beans

60.00

5

L/S

90.00

6

Bone Meal

30.00

7

Star Premix

1.25

8

Salt

3.00

9

Lysine

1.50

10

Meth

1.00

11

W/O

100.00

12

PKC

90.00

13

Chlorine

1.0

14

TOTAL

 

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Broiler Starter Feed formulation formula

Now that you know the formula for making broiler feed, let’s discuss the broiler starter feed preparation.

Formulas for broiler starter from 0 to 6 weeks 1000kg= 1 tonne

MATERIALS

KG

Maize

440

GNC

273

Soya beans

230

Limestone

30

Bone Meal

22

Premix

2.5

Salt

3

Lysine

2

Meth

The above broiler starter feed formulation formula is helpful only if you want to make 40 bags of feeds, which is one tonne of feed.

 

Broiler Finisher Feed formulation

Formulas for broiler finisher from 0 to 6 weeks, 1000kg – one tonne

MATERIALS

KG

Maize

570

GNC

180

Soya beans

19

Limestone

2

Bone Meal

30

Premix

2.5

Salt

4

Lysine

1.5

Meth

1.5

The above formula is for 40 bags of feeds, that is, one tonne of feed